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Note to self: the key to happiness is keeping a diary and writing down the things that make you smile.写给自己:保持幸福的诀窍就是记日记,记下那些让你快乐的事。For while fictional diarists Bridget Jones and Adrian Mole used journals to record their woes and embarrassments, paying attention to the things that lift our moods mean we can learn how to cheer ourselves up, says a leading physicist.一位著名的物理学家说,《BJ单身日记》和《艾德里安·莫尔的秘密日记》等虚构日记的作者用日记记录他们的伤心和尴尬事,不过多关注那些能提振我们心情的事情或许意味着我们可以学会让自己快乐起来。Author Dr Stefan Klein has found that being happy is a skill that can be learned like a foreign language, and one way to train ourselves to be happy is to write down the little things that cheer us up each day – a technique he practises himself.作者斯蒂芬·克莱因士发现保持快乐是一门技巧,它可以像学习外语一样通过学习来掌握,训练我们自己快乐的方法之一就是记下每天让我们高兴的事,这门技巧他自己也在研习。Dr Klein, who analysed psychological research for his book The Science of Happiness, added he often writes about his three young children, despite occasionally finding them #39;incredibly annoying’.克莱因士在他的著作《幸福的科学》一书中进行了心理学研究,他表示,他会经常写一些关于他三个小孩儿的事情,虽然偶尔也会发现这些孩子“出奇地恼人”。Speaking at the Cheltenham Science Festival, the German-born researcher said that decades of study into happiness has shown that people who are clinically depressed often believe there are no sources of joy in their lives.出生于德国的克莱因士在切尔腾纳姆科学节的演讲中表示,几十年来对于幸福的研究表明,那些通过临床诊断为抑郁的人们通常认为在他们的生活中没有快乐的来源。But a study by Italian psychiatrist Giovanni Fava found that when patients were asked to keep diaries of events that made them happy, it #39;helped them a lot to get better’.但是,意大利精神病学家乔瓦尼·法瓦通过研究发现,当病人被要求将那些使他们快乐的事情记录下来时,“他们的情况好转很多。”Dr Klein said: #39;It is incredibly simple – you just sit down in the evening and write down the moments where you feel happy and the circumstances.克莱因士说:“这个方法非常简单,你只要每晚坐下来,然后把那些让你感到快乐的时刻与当时的情景写下来就可以了。”#39;The object of the exercise is to simply make you more aware of these moments to know yourself better.“这个练习的目的只是为了让你更多地意识到那些感觉良好的时刻,让你更了解自己。”#39;Even in states of severe depression there are moments of happiness, but the person suffering it doesn’t believe they have these moments in their lives.’“即使处于严重的抑郁状态,也总会有幸福快乐的时刻,但是患抑郁的人却不相信在他们的生命中也有快乐的时刻。”And if you decide to take Dr Klein’s advice, you can make yourself even happier by recommending the technique to others.如果你决定接受克莱因士的建议,那么把这个技巧介绍给他人吧,这会让你更快乐。Happiness occurs when the brain releases endorphins – chemicals that trigger positive feelings – and scientists have found this occurs not only when we achieve one of our own goals, but when we help someone else achieve theirs.当大脑释放内啡肽(能引发积极情感的化学物质)时,幸福感就会产生。此外,科学家发现幸福感不仅仅在我们达到自己的预期目标时产生,在我们帮助他人实现目标时也会产生幸福感。Dr Klein added it is important not to dwell on the times we felt sad, saying: #39;Going deep down into your negative feelings, [the idea] it has a cathartic effect, and you have to cry your tears out and shout your fears out, is really c**p’.’克莱因士补充道,最重要的是不要一味沉浸于那种悲伤情绪之中,“沉入你内心的负面情绪,(那种说)这样做有宣泄作用,你必须哭出来,将害怕的情绪宣泄出来,那都是胡说。”The idea we should delve into our sadness became popular under Sigmund Freud, who saw the mind as a pressure cooker that needed to let out steam. But Dr Klein argued this was a #39;misguided analogy’.精神分析学家西格蒙德·佛洛伊德,将心灵看做一个需要释放压力的高压锅,在他的提倡下,深入探究我们的悲伤情绪这种理念得以普及。但是克莱因士却认为这种看法是个“有误导性的类比”。 /201506/382898。

  • People often ask me whether being President has made it more difficult to spend time with Michelle and our girls. But the surprising truth is that being in the White House has made our family life more ;normal; than it#39;s ever been。人们常常问我,当总统是否让我和米歇尔及我们女儿相聚成为了一件更难的事情。但现实却令人惊讶,住进白宫让我们的家庭生活变得比以往任何时候都更加“正常”。When Malia was born, Michelle and I were fortunate enough to spend a blissful three months mostly at home with our baby girl. But then Michelle went back to work part time, and I returned to my schedule of teaching at the University of Chicago law school and serving in the state legislature. This meant that I would often be away in Springfield for three days at a time. Even when I was home in Chicago, I had papers to grade and briefs to write and evening meetings to attend。玛利亚出生的时候,我和米歇尔非常幸运,足足三个月的时间,我们与宝贝女儿一起待在家里,体验初为父母的喜悦之情。之后米歇尔回到她的兼职工作岗位上去,而我在芝加哥大学法学院的教学工作和我在州议会的工作也同时回到正轨。这就意味我得经常去斯普林菲尔德,并且每次都要待上三天。即便我回到芝加哥的家里,我也得继续工作:改试卷、写案情提要,有时晚上还要开会。Things didn#39;t get any easier when I was elected to the Senate and had to commute back and forth to Washington every week. Then our lives were thrown completely out of balance during a presidential campaign that kept me on the road almost constantly -- leaving Michelle to carry an even heavier load for longer stretches of time。我当选为参议员后,工作变得更加复杂,我每周必须往返于芝加哥与华盛顿之间。总统大选之际,我几乎时时刻刻都在路上,这使得米歇尔不得不长期承受更重的负担,那时我们的生活完全失去了平衡。That#39;s why I call her the rock of our family -- because she is. She always has been。这就是为什么我称她为我们家庭的基石——因为她确实是的,并且一直都是。But to our surprise, moving to the White House was really the first time since the girls were born that we#39;ve been able to gather as a family almost every night. Michelle and I can go to parent-teacher conferences together. I#39;ve been able to make Malia#39;s tennis matches and Sasha#39;s dance recitals. Sasha let me help coach her basketball team -- the Vipers. They won the title. I#39;ve even experienced what all dads d: watching my daughter go to her first prom. In high heels。出乎我们意料的是,搬进白宫使得我们终于能够每天晚上都能全家相聚,自打两个女儿出生后,这还是第一次。我和米歇尔可以一起出席家长[微]会。我也能够出席观看玛利亚的网球比赛和萨沙的舞蹈演出。萨沙让我担任她所在篮球队——毒蛇队的助理教练,她们在之后的比赛中夺得了冠军。我甚至还经历了所有父亲都害怕的事,那就是看着女儿穿着高跟鞋出席了她人生的第一场舞会。So it#39;s not always easy being a father of teenage girls. But it is pretty good to live above the store。所以说做十几岁女孩的父亲可不是一件容易的事情。但是每天和她们生活在一起是一件令人高兴的事。Even with our jam-packed days, Michelle and I work hard to carve out certain blocks of family time that are sacrosanct. For example, at 6:30 p.m., no matter how busy I am, I leave work to go upstairs and have dinner with my family. That#39;s inviolable. My staff knows that it pretty much takes a national emergency to keep me away from that dinner table. As a night owl, I#39;d rather stay up late ing briefings and working on speeches after everybody has gone to bed anyway。即使在我们非常忙碌的日子里,我和米歇尔也会腾出“神圣不可侵犯”的家庭时间。比如说,不管多忙,傍晚6时30分我都会准时上楼与家人共进晚餐,这段时间是“不可侵犯的”。我的职员们都知道,几乎只有全国紧急事件才能让我离开晚餐餐桌。作为一个夜猫子,我宁愿在其他人都上床后熬夜看简报、准备演讲。So for an hour or so at dinner, my focus is not on my day, but on theirs. I ask Sasha and Malia the usual annoying parental questions: How was school? What are your friends up to? Have you done your homework? What are you thinking about? In return, they spend a lot of time teasing me about my big ears or stodgy suits -- and Michelle is always happy to join them。所以晚餐时间一个小时左右,我把注意力从我的工作转移到她们身上。我会问萨沙和玛利亚一些问题,无非是家长常“唠叨”的问题:“今天在学校过得如何?”“和朋友们相处得怎样?”“作业完成了吗?”“在想什么呢?”而萨沙和玛利亚大部分时间都在调侃我的大耳朵或者古板的西装——米歇尔也经常会加入,她们其乐融融。The highlight of my day is just listening to their thoughts about the world and seeing what smart, funny, kind young women they#39;ve become. That hour recharges me and gives me perspective. And those moments where I can just be Dad -- even if it#39;s ;Daaaaaaad; -- well, there#39;s nothing better。我一天中最重要的事情就是聆听她们对世界的看法,看着她们慢慢变得聪明、有趣、善良。那一小时让我重新充满能量,对未来充满希望。那个时候我仅仅扮演一个父亲的角色,或者说“老爸”,没什么比这更美好的了。Michelle does her best to preserve that time, and it has made a huge difference. Like I said, she#39;s our rock. Whatever comes up, I know that they#39;ll be there for me. And I will always be there for them. These days, the girls occasionally miss a night because they#39;re so busy with school and activities. And like many parents of high school juniors who are excitedly touring college campuses, I#39;m aly ding that empty seat at the table when Malia goes off to school next fall. I can feel myself lingering at the table a little longer, trying to stave off the passage of time. But for as long as possible, I#39;m going to enjoy every minute of finally having us all together under one roof。米歇尔每天都会为此尽力腾出时间,这使我们的家庭生活发生了巨大的改变。就像我所说的,她是我们家庭的基石。不管发生什么,我知道她们都会持我,而我,也会永远陪在她们身边。最近,孩子们偶尔一个晚上会缺席,因为她们忙于学习和学校的活动。中学生们兴奋地参观大学校园,像很多中学生的父母一样,我已经开始害怕玛丽亚明年秋季上大学后餐桌边的那张空椅子,我能感受到我在餐桌边多停留了一会儿,想让时间慢点走。但是我将尽可能长地享受我们在同一个屋檐下共处的最后时光,享受每一分钟。First Lady Nancy Reagan once wrote, ;Nothing can prepare you for living in the White House.; She was right, of course. Nothing can prepare you. But your family can sustain you。第一夫人南希·里根曾写道:“在白宫里生活,你无法预计会发生什么。”她说的对,无法预计会发生什么,但是你的家庭会一直持你。 /201506/382571。
  • She was a genius before she was a refrigerator magnet, an ace manipulator of society and media nearly a century before social media came into existence. Born in 1907, dead at 47, Frida Kahlo achieved celebrity even in her brief lifetime that extended far beyond Mexico’s borders, although nothing like the cult status that would eventually make her the mother of the selfie, her indelible image recognizable everywhere.早在社交媒体出现之前,她就已经是操纵社会与媒体的高手,有她肖像的冰箱磁贴走进千家万户,但她首先是一位艺术天才。弗里达·卡罗(Frida Kahlo)生于1907年,去世时年仅47岁,在短短一生中,她的名气越过了墨西哥边境,虽然真实的她和那个受到小众崇拜、最后令她成为自拍之母的身份并无相似之处,但她那不可磨灭的肖像却无处不在。Yet, despite the many biographies, documentaries and biopics, there remains much to learn about this often misunderstood artist, a sexual pragmatist who conducted affairs with both men and women, a proto-feminist who invested her art with an autobiography filled with struggle and pain. She was also an ardent Communist who sometimes fudged her date of birth to align with the start of the Mexican Revolution, and an irresistibly magnetic seducer, especially whenever a camera was around.尽管有许多传记、纪录片和传记体电影讲述她的故事,这位经常遭人误解的艺术家身上仍然有许多东西值得去了解,她在性上是一个实用主义者,同男人和女人都有风流韵事;她是女性主义者的先驱,她的艺术和自传中充满挣扎和痛苦。她还是坚定的共产主义者,有时会就自己的出生日期撒谎,好同墨西哥革命的起源攀上关系。此外她还是极具魅力的诱惑者,特别是有镜头对准她的时候。In a welcome though unexpected convergence, an array of new books and exhibitions about Kahlo have suddenly appeared this spring, adding insight and depth to our understanding of a woman who would seem among the most overexposed artistic figures of all time.今年春天,一大堆关于卡罗的新书和展览突然冒了出来,令人欣喜而又颇为意外,这些书籍和展览有助于我们更深入地了解这个女人,这个艺术史上遭到曝光最多的艺术人物之一。While it seems clear that artists like Tracey Emin have fallen under the influence of her audacious self-disclosures; that designers — like Riccardo Tisci of Givenchy and Jean Paul Gaultier — have drawn inspiration from her style; and that entertainers like Lady Gaga and Beyoncé shrewdly adapted the lessons pioneered by a publicity-friendly solipsist who anticipated the Instagram era by many decades, Kahlo remains in some ways an enigma.翠西·艾敏(Tracey Emin)这类艺术家都深受她的影响,尤其是大胆自我暴露的这一面;让·保罗·高缇耶(Jean Paul Gaultier)和纪梵希的里卡多·堤西(Riccardo Tisci)等设计师从她的风格中汲取灵感;Lady Gaga和碧昂斯(Beyoncé)之类的艺人聪明地沿着她在Instagram出现几十年前便已开创的道路,塑造出对公众友好的唯我主义者形象……然而,卡罗在某些方面仍然是一个谜。In “Mirror, Mirror,” a portrait-survey that opens this month at Throckmorton Fine Art in Manhattan, Kahlo is revealed to have been an image wizard as canny as her spiritual descendant, Madonna.《镜子,镜子》(Mirror Mirror)肖像展将于本月在曼哈顿的斯洛克莫顿美术馆开幕,将卡罗呈现为一个塑造形象的魔法师,同她的精神后裔麦当娜(Madonna)一样狡黠多变。“Frida did not miss an opportunity to be photographed by anyone and everyone,” said Norberto Rivera, the photography director at the gallery. “She created this image to hide the pain,” he added, referring to the lifelong aftereffects of severe injuries Kahlo suffered in a streetcar accident when she was 18. Through self-portraits that unsparingly depict her physical travails and that make frank allusion to a tumultuous emotional life, Kahlo inadvertently vaulted herself into that strange constellation of bright-burning, ill-fated stars, alongside James Dean and Marilyn Monroe.“弗里达不放过任何让人给她拍照的机会,”美术馆的摄影部主任诺波托·里维拉(Norberto Rivera)说,“她籍着塑造这样的形象来掩藏痛苦。”18岁那年,卡罗因街车事故导致重伤,此后终生受其后遗症影响。她在自画像中毫无保留地描绘身体上的痛苦,坦率地暗示充满动荡的情感生活,漫不经心地令自己上升到那个由炽烈燃烧、命运多舛的星辰组成的奇异星座,其中包括詹姆斯·迪恩(James Dean)和玛丽莲·梦露(Marilyn Monroe)等人。So extensive is Frida Kahlo’s fame it’s difficult now to credit the fact that, at an auction of Latin American art held by Sotheby’s in May 1985, a painting depicting the artist as a hunted deer pierced by arrows, which was offered as the star lot, failed to sell. A decade later, another Kahlo painting was featured on a cover of a Sotheby’s catalog. This portrait, of the artist with a parrot and a monkey, was hammered down quickly for more than million, at the time a worldwide record for a Latin American artist. Five years later, a 1929 Kahlo self-portrait sold to an Argentine collector for .1 million.弗里达·卡罗的名气太广,1985年5月,在苏富比的一场拉丁美洲艺术拍卖会上,她的一幅自画像被作为明星拍品,图中她把自己描绘为全身中箭的鹿,但这幅画最终没有拍出去,现在想来实在不可思议。十年后,另一幅卡罗的自画像出现在苏富比的拍卖目录封面上。画中她身边有鹦鹉和猴子,这幅画很快以300多万美元的价格拍出,在当时创下了拉丁美洲艺术家的世界纪录。五年后,卡罗1929年的一幅自画像被一位阿根廷收藏家以510万美元买下。In under two decades, aided by a well-regarded biography and a soapy biopic, Kahlo had undergone transformation from a compelling cult figure to a universally recognized symbol of artistic triumph and feminist struggle. Somehow along the way she also became a centerpiece of a kitsch marketing bonanza. The “Fridamania” that elevated Kahlo to near-mythic dimensions also transformed her — brooding gaze, elaborate Tehuana coiffures, signature mono-brow — into an image emblazoned on sneakers, T-shirts, tote bags, coasters, cosmetics, even tequila and beer.20年来,由于一本备受好评的传记,以及一部肥皂剧式的传记电影,卡罗从一个迷人的小众形象变成了受到普遍认可的符号,象征着艺术的胜利与女性主义的斗争。在这个过程中,她也为刻奇的大众市场提供了丰盛的资源。这股“弗里达狂热”(Fridamania)将卡罗提升到一个接近神话的地步,她的形象——沉思般的目光、精心梳起的特旺纳发型、标志性的一字眉——出现在帆布鞋、T恤衫、手提包、杯垫、装饰品上,甚至是龙舌兰酒和啤酒商标上。“I remember buying as a gift Frida Kahlo Converse sneakers at 10 Corso Como,” said Robert Burke, a luxury consultant, referring to the high-end Milanese retailer. “Though that was fun and good, there’s only a certain amount of times an image can be used before it starts to fatigue and degrade.”“我记得在10 Corso Como买过一双弗里达·卡罗的匡威帆布鞋送人,”奢侈品顾问罗伯特·伯克(Robert Burke)说,10 Corso Como是米兰一家高端精品店。“尽管它很有趣,很漂亮,但是使用任何一种形象都是有特定时限的,之后它就会渐渐疲软、掉价。”Yet counter to Mr. Burke’s assertion, Frida Kahlo suddenly seems anything but exhausted as a subject.然而和伯克的看法正相反,弗里达·卡罗突然再度走红,根本没有出现令人产生审美疲劳的迹象。“Fridamania shows no signs of relenting,” said Graham W. J. Beal, the director of the Detroit Institute of Arts and curator of “Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo in Detroit,” which shrewdly examines Rivera and Kahlo’s pivotal though largely forgotten sojourn in the Motor City, where Rivera had been commissioned to paint the labor mural “Detroit Industry.” At the NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale in Florida, “Kahlo, Rivera and Mexican Modern Art” revisits the relationship between these protean artists, locating them equally and squarely at the center of Mexican modernism.“弗里达狂热完全没有平息下去的迹象,”格雷厄姆·W·J·比尔(Graham W. J. Beal)说,他是底特律艺术学院的院长,策展了“迭戈·里维拉与弗里达·卡罗在底特律”(Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo in Detroit)。当年里维拉曾接受任务,在这座汽车城创作关于劳工的壁画《底特律工业》(Detroit Industry),他与卡罗在底特律居留的这段时间非常重要,但却往往被人们忽略,此次的展览极具眼光地回顾了那个时期。此外,在佛罗里达的劳德代尔堡NSU艺术馆,“卡罗、里维拉与墨西哥现代艺术”展览回顾了这些变化多端的艺术家们之间的关系,公正平等地将他们置于墨西哥现代主义的中心。Fine catalogs accompanying each exhibition add to an ever-expanding Kahlo library, and yet in certain ways it is the newly published “Frida Kahlo: The Gisèle Freund Photographs,” that offers the most intimate insights into her life and working process. Its 100 rare images document a friendship that the Magnum photographer conducted with the couple in the last years before Kahlo’s death; both Kahlo and Rivera shine forth from these domestic images.两个展览都有精美的展品目录,为持续扩大的与卡罗相关书籍增添了新的成员。另外,新出版的《弗里达·卡罗:吉塞勒·弗洛因德摄影作品》(Frida Kahlo: The Gisèle Freund Photographs)是对她的生活与工作极为亲密的观察,内含100幅罕见的照片,记录了弗洛因德这位玛格南摄影师在卡罗去世前几年与这对夫妻结下的友情,卡罗与里维拉在这些家庭照上显得熠熠生辉。Complementing the revelations of the Freund book is “Frida Kahlo: Art, Garden, Life,” opening May 16 at the New York Botanical Garden. For this surprising exhibition, the Tony Award-winning stage designer Scott Pask traveled to Mexico City to immerse himself in the world of Kahlo and Rivera, returning to recreate in the leafy Bronx the grounds of their home, La Casa Azul.“弗里达·卡罗:艺术、花园、生活”展览为弗洛因德的书提供了极好的补充,它将于5月16日在纽约植物园开幕。 托尼奖得主,舞台设计师斯科特·帕斯克为布展特意去了墨西哥城,将自己浸淫在卡罗与里维拉的世界之中,回来便在林木茂密的纽约布朗克斯复现了他们的居所“蓝房子”(La Casa Azul),令展览更加引人入胜。A singular dwelling built by Kahlo’s father in what were then the outskirts of Mexico City, Casa Azul became the anchor of Kahlo’s and Rivera’s married lives. They filled it with their astounding collections of ex votos, folk art and important Mesoamerican sculpture, and also with fellow Communist Party members, varied lovers, artist friends and a menagerie including parrots, monkeys and a pack of hairless dogs called xoloitzcuintli.蓝房子是卡罗的父亲建造的一座独栋房屋,位于墨西哥城郊外,卡罗与里维拉婚后主要住在那里。房子里布满两人惊人的藏品,包括许愿物、民间艺术和重要的中美洲雕塑。他们的共产党同志、换来换去的情人、艺术家朋友们也常常住在那里,两人还养了一大堆动物,诸如鹦鹉、猴子以及一大群墨西哥无毛犬。“There are a lot of people that have Frida refrigerator magnets that have never seen a Frida painting,” Mr. Pask said. “When you see the house and the beautiful emotive space of the garden, you understand that the art, the love and the life are so intertwined.”“很多人都有弗里达的冰箱贴,但他们从没看过弗里达的画,”帕斯克说。“当你看到那栋房子,以及它那充满美妙情感的花园,你会理解她的艺术、生活与爱交织在一起,密不可分。”His rendition of a volcanic stone pyramid Rivera constructed in the garden to display his collection of pre-Columbian artifacts is Mr. Pask’s most theatrical gesture. But his more subtle accomplishment may be the evocation of “this atmosphere Frida surrounded herself with, incorporating the botanical influence of the markets of Mexico, her gardens, the fruits and plants and animals she lived with into the prism of her work.”里维拉在那座花园里用一块金字塔状的火山岩展示哥伦布发现美洲之前的美洲艺术品,帕斯克对之进行了复现,堪称最为戏剧化的手法。但帕斯克最为美妙的成就还要算是重新营造出了“弗里达在自己身边创造出的氛围,结合了墨西哥市场上的植物,她身边的花园、果实、植物与动物都被反映在她的作品之中”。The results are so singular it is little wonder Kahlo remains a figure of fascination.她的作品如此奇异,没有人会怀疑,她仍然是个极度迷人的人物。“Clearly, she has become this major icon,” said Bonnie Clearwater, the director of the NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale.“显然,她后来成了大众偶像,” 劳德代尔堡NSU艺术馆馆长邦尼·克莱尔沃特(Bonnie Clearwater)说。Her point is underscored by the strangely compelling 2013 book by the Japanese photographer Miyako Ishiuchi documenting Kahlo’s wardrobe and belongings, images of which later found their way into the hip Berlin glossy O32c. (A fetishistic regard for objects that touched Kahlo’s body is not unique to Ms. Ishiuchi; on loan to the Throckmorton Fine Art show will be one of the orthopedic corsets illness required Kahlo to wear, “authenticated” in the manner of saintly relics and decorated with a hammer and sickle by her.)2013年,日本摄影师石内都的影集进一步明了她的说法,这部影集拍摄的都是卡罗的衣物和其他物品,其中的照片后来还曾在柏林时尚的铜版纸杂志《O32c》上刊出。不是只有石内都一人对卡罗的贴身物品怀有恋物癖式的喜爱,斯洛克莫顿美术馆的展览中也有一件卡罗因病才穿在身上的整形胸衣,像圣人遗物一样“被鉴定为真品”,她还用锤子和镰刀装饰它。Unlike Che Guevara, who when he became a T-shirt and a poster was scarcely identifiable as “the leader of the Cuban revolution,” wrote Gérard de Cortanze, Kahlo’s French biographer, in an email, “Frida Kahlo remains Frida Kahlo.” If his gnomic remark is not supportable in any real biographical sense, there is little doubt Kahlo continues to exist as a potent figure of myth.卡罗的法语传记作者雷哈尔·德·科尔坦兹(Gérard de Cortanze)在接受电子邮件采访时写道,切·格瓦拉(Che Guevara)的头像刚一开始出现在T恤衫和海报上,马上就被人们等同为“古巴革命的领袖”,但是和他不同,“弗里达·卡罗就是弗里达·卡罗”。这句箴言般的或许无法在真实的传记中得到体现,但毫无疑问,卡罗仍然是一个极具说力的神秘人物。“I’m constantly fascinated by the numbers of teenagers who buy my books about Frida,” Mr. de Cortanze wrote, referring to “The Lovers of Coyoacán,” a novel fictionalizing Kahlo’s brief though torrid affair with Leon Trotsky. “It’s not the creator of the Red Army that interests young ers. It’s what Frida thinks and lives, how she drinks, makes love, cooks for friends, swears like a trooper.”“有很多十几岁的孩子会买我那些关于弗里达的书籍,这常常令我感到惊讶,”德·科尔坦兹写道,他指的是自己的小说《科约阿坎恋人》(The Lovers of Coyoacán),这本书用小说的方式叙述了卡罗与列夫·托洛茨基(Leon Trotsky)短暂而激烈的恋情。“吸引年轻读者的不是苏联红军的创始人,而是弗里达的思考与生活、她怎样喝酒、做爱、给朋友们做饭,像士兵一样咒骂。”For those ers, he said, Kahlo is “a sister, a friend, a woman ceaselessly in search of her autonomy.”他说,对于这些年轻读者们来说,卡罗就像“一个姊姊、一个朋友、以及一个不懈追求自由的女人”。In the telling of Ms. Clearwater, the artist Julian Schnabel not long ago traveled to Fort Lauderdale to dedicate a painting, a gift he made to the institution.克莱尔沃特说,艺术家朱利安·施纳贝尔(Julian Schnabel)不久前曾经来到劳德代尔堡艺术馆捐献了一幅油画,这是他特意为该馆创作的礼物。“All Julian kept saying was he couldn’t wait to see the Kahlo,” Ms. Clearwater said. “Who in the world would have thought very macho Julian Schnabel had been influenced by her?”“朱利安一直说,他简直等不及要看卡罗的展览,”克莱尔沃特说。“谁能想到那么大男子气的朱利安·施纳贝尔也受她的影响呢?”Yet, as it happens, the Brooklyn-born Mr. Schnabel also spent part of his youth in Brownsville, Tex.; from there in the ’60s he made a pilgrimage to Mexico City to visit the Museo Frida Kahlo, located inside her birthplace at La Casa Azul.是的,出生在布鲁克林的施纳贝尔年轻时曾在得克萨斯州的布朗斯维尔住过;60年代的时候,他曾经从那里出发到墨西哥朝圣,参观设立在蓝房子里的弗里达·卡罗物馆,卡罗就是在那栋房子里出生的。“He told me he was blown away by the emotional side” of Kahlo’s work, by her ability to transmit emotion through her work, Ms. Clearwater said.克莱尔沃特说,“他告诉我,(卡罗的作品中)情感的一面”,乃至她通过作品表达情感的方式都令他感到震撼。“If Julian had not said this to me, I would never have thought of him in those terms,” she added. “And yet, when you look at paintings like ‘Untitled (Goodbye Mike Kelley),’ you understand them as prayers to those you love and those who died.”“如果朱利安不说,我从来不会站在这些角度上去想他,”克莱尔沃特补充道。“不过,看到《无名lt;告别迈克·凯利gt;》(Untitled [Goodbye Mike Kelley])这样的作品,你就会明白,它们是为所爱之人乃至去世的人们献上的祈祷。”Like many of Kahlo’s spiritual descendants — who record the minutiae of their lives on social media in existential gestures that are, as much as anything, about the fact of their own occurrence — the artist was intent on leaving marks that testified to her existence.卡罗的众多精神后裔们常常在社交媒体上以存在主义的姿态记载生活中的细枝末节,写下自己生活中的种种事件,卡罗本人也热衷于为自己的存在留下种种痕迹。“This continues to hit a nerve with people,” Ms. Clearwater explained. “The paintings are Kahlo’s way of saying: ‘This is how I thought. This is what I lived. Remember me.’ ”“这些痕迹一直都能触动人们的心弦,”克莱尔沃特说。“那些油画就像是卡罗在说:‘这就是我的想法,这就是我的生活,记住我吧。’” /201505/374902。
  • 1. “How are you still single? You’re so great。”  “你怎么还单身着!你人这么好。”  2. “It’ll happen when you least expect it。”  “爱情将会发生在你最不经意的时候。”  3. “Don’t you ever get lonely?”  “你从没有感到过孤单吗?”  4. “Aren’t you worried you won’t be able to have kids?”  “你没担心过你可能不会有孩子吗?”  5. “Are you seeing anyone?”  “你现在有交往的对象吗?”  6. “You should try online dating. My friend met their husband/wife that way。”  “你该试试网恋。我有一个朋友就是那么遇到自己的丈夫/妻子的。”  7. “They don’t deserve you。”  “他们配不上你。”  8. “You are such a catch。”  “你条件这么好!”  9. “Don’t worry, you’ll find someone someday。”  “不要担心,你总有一天会找到对的那个人的。”  10. “He’s just not y for a serious commitment yet。”  “他只是还没准备好对你做出认真承诺而已。”  11. “One day when you’re married, you’ll wish you were single。”  “等有一天结婚了,你会希望你还是单身的。”  12. “There are plenty of fish in the sea。”  “天涯何处无芳草。”  13. “You’re just too picky。”  “你只是太挑剔了!”  14. “Just don’t turn into some crazy cat lady。”  “千万不要变成一个爱猫狂啊,大。”  15. “She probably just lost your number。”  “她可能只是把你的号码弄丢了。”  16. At a wedding: “You better get out there, they’re doing the bouquet toss。”  在婚礼上:“你最好离开这儿,他们要抛捧花了。”  17. “You’re just too busy right now。”  “你现在只是太忙了。”  18. “You have to love yourself before you can love someone else。”  “你必须首先爱自己,再去爱别人。”  19. In reference to your best friend: “Have you guys ever thought of dating?”  “你们没想过在一起约会吗?”(指你与你的好朋友)  20. “I can’t wait to meet your future spouse, they are going to be amazing。”  “我等不及想见你未来的另一半了,他们一定让人惊讶。”  21. “We’ll all be laughing about this someday。”  “以后我们想到这个都会笑死的。”  22. “You should let me set you up, I know the perfect person for you。”  “你应该让我帮你撮合,我知道哪样的人最适合你。”  23. “Don’t give up, it’ll happen。”  “不要放弃,爱情总会出现的。”  24. “You don’t need anyone。” DAMN RIGHT!“  你不需要任何人!” 太对了! /201502/359599。
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